Group: Group l(ds DNA)
Species: Fowlpox virus
2.Reason for the identification,
Fowlpox is a common disease in backyard chickens that have not been vaccinated. Most birds survive the infections, although very young or weak birds maybe lost .The lesions initially looks like a whitish blister and appear on the comb, wattles and other skin areas. In rare cases lesions can be found on the body, legs and even sometimes the softer parts of the beak. The blisters develop into a dark scab and take about three weeks to heal and drop off. Fowlpox lesions, when in the infected birds mouth and throat can cause difficulty breathing, even death.
Scarring may result and consequently exhibition poultry breeders prefer to vaccinate and avoid this disease. Management of the mosquito population can help reduce outbreaks of fowlpox.
3. Prevention or Treatments
Once a bird is infected there are no Treatments, just preventive measure including the vaccine and mosquito management.
Vaccines are available for fowlpox. Chicken are usually vaccinated with pegeonpox virus. This vaccine is usually given to chickens when between the age of 8-14 weeks of age via the wing web method of injection. When a bird is given the vaccine they are exposed to a mild version of the active virus, so they should be completely healthy to prevent severe illness.